A Look at the Keystone XL Pipeline
In 2008, TransCanada Corporation proposed a plan for the longest pipeline in North America, the Keystone XL Pipeline. With a starting point in Alberta’s Oil Sands, the Keystone XL Pipeline would carry the tar-sands crude through the Great Plains to the Gulf of Mexico, bringing an additional 830,000 barrels of oil per day to U.S. refineries.
The pipeline requires approval in two parts: upper and lower. While the upper portion of the pipeline requires U.S. State Department approval since the pipeline crosses an international border, the lower portion will need federal permits for approval. The approval process has been complicated, with environmental, safety and time concerns restricting the project.
In January, President Barack Obama rejected the project, advising the decision was “not based on [the] merits of the pipeline,” but having a short deadline to make a decision on the project. He also cited the need to find a route that would avoid the Nebraska Sandhills region and Ogallala Aquifer, which provides water to eight U.…